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What H.R. 1187 Could Mean for ESG Disclosures

Regulatory Reporting
Management Reporting
SEC Reporting
Disclosure Management
5 min read
Mandi McReynolds
VP, Global ESG and Chief Sustainability Officer
Steve Soter
Vice President and Industry Principal
Published: July 15, 2021
Last Updated: August 8, 2023

A bill that narrowly won approval in the U.S. House of Representatives could become the country’s most comprehensive environmental, social, and governance (ESG) disclosure requirements ever, with specific reporting expectations on climate risks, political spending, CEO pay, and taxation rates.

It’s uncertain if the Senate will pass the ESG Disclosure Simplification Act, or H.R. 1187, which squeaked by on a 215-214 House vote. But, it signals congressional intent to expand the scope of information available to investors while offering hints of how future ESG disclosure frameworks could look.

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has issued a steady flow of statements on climate and is expected to propose enhanced rules this fall. The House bill would explicitly require the SEC to issue specific ESG reporting requirements.

That could help the U.S. catch up to the European Union. There, the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR) applies to financial market participants and advisors and aims to steer capital toward sustainable investments through mandated ESG reporting. The European Commission also has proposed the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) to require even unlisted companies to report how sustainability issues affect their businesses, as well as how their businesses affect people and the environment. It’s possible the SEC could mirror some of the CSRD's requirements in areas such as data tagging or audits of sustainability disclosures.

Even without specific requirements, investors are demanding more transparency, as we saw this proxy season. Shareholders raised questions about ESG, sparking debate about the materiality of ESG, risk, and how companies can authentically show their impacts on stakeholders.

A Workiva survey of individual investors in the U.S., United Kingdom, France, and Germany showed 70% agree companies should be responsible for demonstrating their ESG performance; 64% agreed ordinary investors should pressure companies to be more transparent. 

Qualitative and quantitative disclosures help investors understand how their capital is being used. That way, they can more effectively allocate their money in line with their strategy and beliefs.

Get Ready for the Intersection of ESG and Financial Reporting

By deconstructing H.R. 1187, one can see where legislators want to expand transparency and accountability. For instance, the bill would strengthen SEC rules on disclosures related to human capital and climate change while adding details on political contributions and, according to the bill, “disclosure of tax havens.”

The bill would broadly require a public company to disclose certain ESG metrics and their connection to the long-term business strategy.

Again, there’s no telling what the bill will look like if the Senate moves on it. But, looking at the categories of disclosure that it covers, at least some in Washington are thinking about ESG (you can read the full bill for all the details):

Categories What companies might need to disclose

Shareholder Political Transparency

Political contributions, with a description of spending on political activities, including dates, amounts, and details of who got the money

Greater Accountability in Pay

More details on executive pay including:

  • Percentage increase in the median of the annual total compensation of all executive officers over the last completed fiscal year

  • Percentage increase in the median of the annual total compensation of all employees, excluding executive officers, over the last completed fiscal year 

  • Comparison data 

Climate Risk Disclosure

Direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions, total amount of fossil fuel-related assets, and potentially even the amount of water withdrawn from freshwater sources for operations

Disclosure of Tax Havens and Offshoring

Financial performance and taxes on a country-by-country basis

Workforce Investment Disclosure

Specific workforce disclosures including:

  • Number of full- and part-time and contingent (temporary, contract) employees 

  • Workplace demographics

  • Turnover rates and internal hiring and promotion rates

  • Diversity policies, audits, and programming expenditures 

  • Information about training and cross-training of employees 

  • Frequency, severity, and lost time due to injuries, illness, and fatalities

  • Findings of harassment or discrimination

  • Pay and benefits, including policies regarding how performance, productivity, equity, and sustainability are considered when setting pay and making promotions 

  • Recruiting and needs, including share of new jobs requiring a college degree

Preventing and Responding to Workplace Harassment

Number of settlements reached and payments of settlements, judgments, and awards related to harassment

Cybersecurity Disclosure

Whether any member of the governing body has cybersecurity expertise

Improving Corporate Governance Through Diversity

Demographic data on the board of directors, board nominees, and executive officers, based on voluntary self-identification of race, ethnicity, gender identity, sexual orientation, and veteran status

Uyghur Forced Labor Disclosure

Whether the company or affiliates imported goods made in a region associated with forced labor

The bill also would direct the SEC to study the issues small businesses face with respect to disclosing ESG metrics.

In addition, we wouldn’t be surprised if companies eventually are asked to make ESG disclosures in a machine-readable format, perhaps with XBRL® tags.

No matter the fate of H.R. 1187, regulators ultimately may require new disclosures to meet the growth in ESG investments and demands for transparency. With so much capital at stake, investors are the ones looking for data they can trust and comparability.

All told, public companies might want to prepare for: 

  1. Dramatically expanded ESG reporting requirements

  2. New formats for ESG disclosures 

  3. Audit assurance of sustainability disclosures, which will certainly raise the stakes for this reporting 

Any or all of those changes will likely drive companies toward ESG disclosure software or technology to address reporting risks and simplify how teams aggregate and report ESG data

Are you ready?

Workiva has an ESG reporting solution. Request a demo for a free look.

XBRL® is a trademark of XBRL International, Inc. All rights reserved. The XBRL® standards are open and freely licensed by way of the XBRL International License Agreement.


About the Author
Mandi McReynolds headshot
Mandi McReynolds

VP, Global ESG and Chief Sustainability Officer

Mandi McReynolds is an award-winning author and practitioner with 15+ years of leadership experience building corporate responsibility and environment, social, and governance (ESG) divisions across four different industries. Currently, serving as the VP, Global ESG and Chief Sustainability Officer at Workiva, Mandi helps companies and executives around the globe drive business value and societal impact through transparency, accountability, and innovation.  Mandi is the host and executive producer for the video podcast series ESG Talk. Subscribe to ESG Talk wherever you get your podcasts and follow @ESGTalk on Twitter or LinkedIn.

Steve Soter
Steve Soter

Vice President and Industry Principal

Steve is a Vice President and Industry Principal at Workiva. Previously, Steve served as an accounting leader in multiple roles including Vice President and Controller for, a private equity owned, online retailer of outdoor products, and as the Director of SEC Reporting for (NASDAQ: OSTK), a $2 billion revenue, online retailer of home goods and blockchain technology company. His experience includes multiple acquisitions, debt offerings, an IPO, and the world’s first digital debt and equity offering (by Overstock). Steve is the Executive Advisor of the SEC Professionals Group, and a former member of the US XBRL Data Quality Committee. He began his career as an auditor in public accounting, received his Accounting degree from the University of Arizona, graduating summa cum laude, and received a Master of Accountancy and Information Systems degree from Arizona State University.

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